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Anorexia Nervosa – An eating disorder

An eating disorder spreading in teens and young adults

Nowadays, Anorexia nervosa is getting common in today’s youth population. The negative feature of remaining starved purposefully to get slim and smart, is a wrong custom happening in teens. Exercise and clean eating is a healthy lifestyle, but not having proper diet is unhealthy and creates serious health problems. Disorders of eating are usually because of combination of environmental, biological and certain social factors. Females having self-doubt and want to become perfect often become victims of such disorders.

 

Anorexia nervosa, also known as, anorexia, is an eating disorder. Anorexia nervosa and anorexia, both are used interchangeably, referring to insufficiency of appetite and self-starvation.

The patient having this kind of psychological disorder feels being over-weight and avoids proper eating, and due to mal-nutrition, the person becomes extremely thin and weak. So, this disorder involves fear of getting fat, despite being under-weight. The person vomits intentionally to avoid obesity. Many complications happen because of less eating and getting lesser nutrients. Some examples of complications are osteoporosis, mal-nutrition, lethargy, depression, infertility, osteopenia, etc.

The aetiology is idiopathic. Treatment involves proper intake of healthy food. The person suffers from psychological issues. Medication is not so helpful for this disorder; however the medicines are helpful for treating depression and anxiety, happening in this disorder. Some doctors recommend cognitive therapies for this. Actually, this disorder is psychological, so therapies are favourable in anorexia. Various complications are resolved once the weight is recovered. The ratio is mostly in females than males and in addition, in identical twins, anorexia is found more than in non-identical twins.

 

Infrequently, the cases of Anorexia develop serious psychological issues. Other signs and symptoms are constipation, fatigue, anaemia, paralysis, etc. Mood swing is the mood variation. Mood swing is another psychological factor involved due to malnutrition, occurred because of anorexia.

Variations in sleep cycles and concentration are signs for upcoming episodes of anorexia. Anorexia runs in families, so it is heritable. Mostly, Anorexia can happen in teens or in early adult life. So, it commonly occurs in age between 12 to 25. In many cases, pubertal stage of an individual is at risk of anorexia.

Restoration of the person’s weight to normal healthy weight is the key point of treatment. Diet is first and foremost factor involved. Doctors dealing such cases of nervosa, should observe electrolyte levels, bone mass and heart functioning. A certain quantity of calories should be given and the calories intake is increased gradually. It is discussed above that medicines have limited use in Anorexia. However, therapies, like cognitive therapy, are helpful in treatment of Anorexia nervosa. Thus, psychotherapy and nutritional rehabilitation are beneficial. The family members of the individual play an important part in building individual’s self-esteem. Mostly, the family members observe the signs and the case of the person is caught in early detection.

Usually, the treatments are successful, but it is not an overnight success. The treatment is long-term, unless normal healthy weight is achieved and then, health maintenance is kept on.

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