Everything about US-Taliban Peace Deal
After nearly two decades of deadly conflict that has ravaged Afghanistan’s impoverished population, the two warring sides on Saturday signed a peace accord that is believed to be a major step towards ending one of America’s longest wars. Here are some features of the deal that ensure complete withdrawal of US forces from Afghanistan and a comprehensive, permanent ceasefire that establishes lasting peace in the restive country.
The Taliban have provided the undertaking that the Afghan soil won’t be employed by militants to focus on American soldiers or allies of the US. Furthermore, on March 10, 2020, the Taliban will participate in intra-Afghan negotiations to work out a future political roadmap for Afghanistan. “A permanent and comprehensive ceasefire will be an item on the agenda of the intra-Afghan dialogue and negotiations. The participants of infra-Afghan negotiations will discuss the date and modalities of a permanent and comprehensive ceasefire, including joint implementation mechanisms, which can be announced along side the completion and agreement over the longer term political roadmap of Afghanistan,” read the agreement.
According to part 1 of the agreement, the us and Coalition partners have agreed to withdraw all military forces within 14 months of the agreement. These include “non-diplomatic civilian personnel, private security contractors, trainers, advisors, and supporting services personnel”.
The US has given an undertaking to withdraw troops from Afghanistan and leave only 8.600 soldiers in the country at first. A proportionate decline in Coalition troops and allies will take place as well. The US and Coalition troops have also agreed to withdraw all their forces from five military bases. Part II of the agreement mentions that the US and Taliban have agreed to release combat and political prisoners from all sides . The US has agreed to release 5,000 Taliban prisoners while 1,000 prisoners of the opposite side are going to be released by the Taliban by March 10, the primary day of the intra-Afghan negotiations. In the next nine-and-a-half months, the US and Coalition forces will withdraw all remaining forces from Afghanistan and from its military bases. The US has also agreed to review and take back sanctions against the Taliban in August 2020. It will then engage with the members of the UN Security Council and Afghanistan to get rid of the Taliban from the sanctions list. This, the two sides have agreed, will happen in May 2020.
“With the beginning of intro-Afghan negotiations, the us will start diplomatic engagement with other members of the United Nations Security Council and Afghanistan to get rid of members of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan which isn’t recognized by the us as a state and is understood because the Taliban from the sanctions list with the aim of achieving this objective by May 29, 2020,” read the agreement. The agreement states that the US and therefore the post-settlement Afghan Islamic government will have positive relations with one another . Washington, in turn, will seek economic cooperation for reconstruction with the new government in situ (in accordance with the intra-Afghan negotiations) and not intervene in its internal affairs.