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Metabolic Syndrome

Metabolic syndrome – a collection of disorders.

It is a group of conditions occurring together, increasing risk of diabetes type 2, heart disease and stroke. It involves conditions such as excess body fat, blood pressure, high levels of blood sugar and abnormal triglyceride or cholesterol levels.

Symptoms of metabolic syndrome:

The most disorders which are associated with this syndrome do not have so much distinguished symptoms or signs. One significant sign is visible increased large circumference of waist.

When the blood sugar levels are higher then, there is fatigue, increased thirst and blurred vision.

Metabolic syndrome is associated with inactivity, overweight or obesity. It has link with a condition known as insulin resistance. In a healthy body, food is broken down into sugar by the digestive system. A hormone, called insulin, is produced by pancreas, by help of which the sugar enters the cells to be used as fuel.

The cells in patients with insulin resistance, do not really respond to hormone (insulin) and thus, the glucose is not able to enter the cells.

Risk factors:

1.     Age: With increasing age, the risk of metabolic syndrome increases.
2.     Obesity: Obese abdomen increases the risk.
3.     Diabetes: The risk of having metabolic syndrome increases, if there is diabetic tendency in family or the patient has gestational diabetes.

Complications:

Diseases of blood vessel and heart: Higher blood pressure and high cholesterol contribute to plaques build up in vessels. Thus, the arteries get hardened as well as narrow, leading to stroke or heart attack.

Prevention:

A healthy lifestyle can prevent these conditions causing this syndrome.

  • No smoking.
  • Limited usage of salt and fats in diet.
  • Healthy weight maintenance.
  • Eating adequate amounts of lean protein, fruits, vegetables and whole grains.

Diagnosis:

Three or more of these mentioned below, defined as having metabolic syndrome:

  1. Higher blood pressure.
  2. Reduced HDL.
  3. Higher levels of triglycerides.
  4. Larger waist
  5. Increased levels of fasting blood sugar

Treatment:

If the lifestyle modifications (exercise and diet) are not sufficient in health improvement, then the doctors will suggest medicines to control blood sugar, blood pressure and cholesterol levels.

Other modifications:

Weight loss: Weight reduction also reduces insulin resistance as well as blood pressure, likewise, decreases the diabetes risk. But, it is also necessary to control unhealthy weight loss.

Healthy diet:

A healthy diet is necessary for prevention of metabolic syndrome such as:

  • Fruits
  • Vegetables
  • Lean protein
  • While grains having high fibres

Stress management:

Physical activity, yoga and meditation help in stress management and in improving physical and emotional health.

Medication:

Respective disorders present in metabolic syndrome are all treated separately. ACE inhibitors and diuretics are used for hypertension management. Cholesterol medicines are used for imbalanced levels.

Conclusion:

So, it is concluded that eating clean healthy diet and doing proper exercises daily prevent various disorders relate to metabolism. The use of sugar and salt should be limited. And diet should be composed of fruits and vegetables. Water intake should be good enough for better hydration and that is how the healthy lifestyle is achieved.

 

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